A Scientific Contemplation of the imperial family of Japan

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I was surprised when some time ago reading many things related Japan Imperial family, here I underline is the publication of their writings in reputable scientific journals international. Previously, early last year (2017) I've been to Japan to attend a research internship program at The International Research Center for Medical Sciences-Kumamoto University, as well as get a grant from the research center. Through that program, I really know and am amazed how work ethic and discipline those Japan against an intense job.

Maybe you are a surprise to me because the Emperor Hirohito, Emperor Akihito (current emperor of Japan), Prince Hitachi (the younger brother of Emperor Akihito), Prince Akishino (younger son of Emperor Akihito), and Princess Nori (son of Emperor Akihito) is an researchers. They focus on their area of research each, ranging from marine biology, ornithology, and cancer-related research (Hitachi et al., 1975; Akihito et al., 2016; Hasegawa and Kuroda, 2017).

Family photos of the Emperor Japan (incomplete): Emperor Akihito (ahead of no. 3 from the left) and Resentment Akishino (ahead of no. 3 from right) source: www. japantimes. co. jp

Emperor Akihito continues in the footsteps of his father, Emperor Hirohito, to explore the science of marine biology or marine biology. After I browse the internet, I found a wide variety of scientific writings written in Japan by Emperor Hirohito. Whereas the latest scientific publications from Emperor Akihito appeared in the International Journal of high repute in the year 2016 (as first author) i.e. Gene (Journal of Q2 with an h-index of 157 issue from Elsevier, the largest publisher of scientific journals for reputable international). The text discusses speciation of two related species Pterogobius elapoides, i.e. gobioid and Pterogobius zonoleucus based on molecular biology. At the journal, his son, Prince Akishino take part as the second author (Akihito et al., 2016).

I tried searching the Emperor Akihito at Scopus, and then I found the h-index Scopus numbered 3 and 7 scientific publications indexed. It is already quite high compared to the Professor-Lecturer at many universities in Indonesia that may not have the h-index Scopus or even scientific publications indexed Scopus (refer to data on the Scopus).

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Interestingly, Prince Akishino is far more productive than his father, even in his last writings published in the associated anatomical research on 2017 poultry. Approximately 90 years 2000s, Prince Akishino never did research in Indonesia related phylogenetic molecular biology based on the species of Gallus Gallus (chicken) (Fumihito et al., 1994). Prince Akishino was the ornithologist (ornithologist), pass a doctoral program in the field of Ornithology from The Graduate University for Advanced Studies Sokendai-or Japan. In addition, Prince Akishino has also become President of present-day Yamashina Institute for Ornithology. After I search in Scopus, Prince Akishino memiki score index Scopus h-3 and 17 indexed documents. This time, he was affiliated at the University of Tokyo, Japan. Seventeen documents indexed in Scopus is a large amount when compared to the researchers or academics who are in Indonesia.

Next is the Prince Hitachi, the younger brother of Emperor Akihito. Prince Hitachi many move on cancer-related research as well as once a research associate on The Japanese Foundation for Cancer Research and also Honorary President at the same agency. Prince Hitachi gets Honorary Doctorate from George Washington University and a similar Award from The University of Minnesota. Prince Hitachi also had been an honorary member of The German Association for Cancer Research, since the contribution of significance in the field of cancer research. After I search in Scopus, Prince Hitachi has h-index score is Scopus indexed document 2 2 and Scopus.

Princess Nori is the last of the imperial family to reviews this time. Princess Nori was the son of the Emperor Akihito or the sister of Prince Akishino. Princess Nori ever recorded as a research associate and as researcher in present-day Yamashina Institute for Ornithology, and his research specialization is related bird King prawns or kingfishers. The current affiliates are Tamagawa brave University, as a researcher. Refer to the data in Scopus, Princess Nori has 1 document indexed Scopus, published in the year 2016, related to research bird phylogeny.

Imperial Seal of Japan

Maybe now we can understand why Japan currently leading in the field of science and technology. Just imagine, the imperial family alone very productive writing scientific articles in reputable international journals indexed Scopus. Japan is a country that is supposed to be our example to advance civilization.

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Refer to the data released by the scimagojr.com, Indonesia-55 in the world in terms of international publications indexed by Scopus. In fact we left far from neighboring countries, such as Singapore (rank 32), Malaysia (34 ratings), and Thailand (43 ratings), while Japan itself solidly in the top 5 with 2,367,977 documents indexed Scopus. However, recent trends show that the publication is indexed Scopus from Indonesia has been experiencing an increase. We should not give up because this failed, there is still hope that Indonesia will be the leading on the development in the field of science and technology.

The above facts regarding the activity of researching the family of Emperor Japan has motivated us, behind the luxury of life as a member of the imperial family from the oldest in the world, they remain productive devote energy to the development of science knowledge. Actually not only the names of the imperial family of Japan above that has tommyimage in science, there are still many others (social sciences), but do not deliberately I include it because I chose a member of the imperial family Japan moves on the field of life sciences as an example.

On the other hand, Indonesia has many colleges, ranging from Universities (PTN) to Private (PTS). Based on data from the Ministry of Research and Technology College (Ristekdikti) in the year 2017, the total College in Indonesia totalling approximately 4500 units. However, the budget of the State Expenditures and Revenues (NATIONAL BUDGET) Indonesia to Ristekdikti still very minimal, even more STATE BUDGET funds allocated for research in Indonesia less than 1% of the gross domestic product (GDP).

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The limitations of this kind should not be allowed to happen again, the Government of Indonesia should focus first settled with seriously on the higher education sector and not just relying on funds from the STATE BUDGET. Real solutions that might be driven is strengthening collaboration-an international research collaboration with developed countries as well as cooperation with the private sector. However, we also may not always be in the shadow of foreign researchers who have let overflow as it has been written by Dyna Rochmyaningsih in Nature entitled "Showcase of scientists from the global south".

Lucky, the Government of Indonesia has committed to improve the funding of research in Indonesia. Science Fund Indonesia (DIPI) for example, an autonomous agency of the Academy of Sciences of Indonesia (AIPI) which can provide grants up to 300 thousand United States dollars for each research proposal. For the prefix, the Ministry of Finance of the Republic of Indonesia provides nine million United States dollars in the year 2016 for research in the field of life sciences, health, and nutrition. This fact should be able to support the performance and pride of researchers in Indonesia to be better than ever.

 

Author: Arif Noor Muhammad Ansori is researcher at the Nidom Foundation Professor, Nobel Scholarship master's degree education Program leading to a Doctoral Degree For Superior (PMDSU, Batch 3) from the Ministry of research, technology, and higher education (Kemristekdikti) that currently studying masters degree in Vaksinologi and Imunoterapetika, Airlangga University, Surabaya, Indonesia.

 

Bibliography

  • Akihito, Akishinonomiya, f., Ikeda, y., Aizawa, m., Nakagawa, s., Umehara, y., Yonezawa, t., Mano, s., Hasegawa, m., Nakabo, t. Gojobori, t., 2016. Speciation of two species, Pterogobius elapoides gobioid and Pterogobius zonoleucus revealed by multiple-locus, nuclear and mitochondrial DNA analyses, Gene, Volume 576, Issue 2, Pages 593-602, ISSN 0378-1119, DOI: 10.1016/j. gene. 2015.10.014.
  • Fumihito, a., Miyake, t., Sumi, s., Takada, m., Ohno, s., Kondo, n. 1994. One subspecies of the red junglefowl (Gallus gallus gallus) suffices as the matriarchic ancestor of all domestic breeds. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America; 91 (26): 12505-12509.
  • Hasegawa, m., Kuroda, s. 2017. Phylogeny of mandalas of birds using the lithographs of John Gould's folio bird books. Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution, 117, pp. 141-149. DOI: 10.1016/j. ympev. 2016.12.005.
  • Hitachi, P.M., Yamada, k., Takayama, s. 1975. Brief communication: cytologic changes induced in rat liver cells by short term exposure to chemical substances. The journal of the National Cancer Institute, 54 (5), pp. 1245-1247.

Arif Nur Muhammad Ansori

Penulis : Arif Nur Muhammad Ansori adalah Peneliti di Professor Nidom Foundation sekaligus peraih Beasiswa Program Pendidikan Magister Menuju Doktor Untuk Sarjana Unggul (PMDSU, Batch 3) dari Kementerian Riset, Teknologi, dan Pendidikan Tinggi (Kemristekdikti) yang saat ini sedang menempuh pendidikan jenjang doktor di Universitas Airlangga, Surabaya, Indonesia.
Arif Nur Muhammad Ansori
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