Ko ateh no bepucuk (upward is not berpucuk) Ko under no beurek (down no veined/root)-Tongah tongah dilaik beetle (Middle dikorek beetle) Ko lauik tak dapek drink (sea nobody can drink) Ko dapek not eat daek (inland could not eat) foul (Betolu rotten spawn) Boanak dead (dead child) (Petatah petitih tribe of Sakai, Bengkalis Regency, Riau Province)
Piece of petatah petitih from the tribe of Sakai above gives a very deep meaning of the definition of environment. In the tradition of the Sakai community (County Bengkalis, Riau), the forest is so self. Sell forest land is customary or embarrassing behavior and condemned by the customs. If there are older nephew sells customary land, then the pledge is going to happen to her.
The oath is certainly a stark contrast when compared with current forest conditions. Environmental degradation increasingly massive and already "bersebab result" against the sustainability of the livelihood of the public. The wisdom that is formed as a delegation of intensive interaction with the community environment increasingly eroded due to negative influences, either from outside or from within. Conditions that plagued the tribe of Sakai equal to that experienced by various other tribes in Indonesia which has a connection with the environment, they lose the core life and marwah, i.e. "the jungle". It used to be the forest for hunting in the true sense, but now the forest made a "hunting" all things for the sake of the interests of a handful of people.
In an interview in one of the national private television station, one of the officials of the corruption eradication Commission (KPK) stated that the polemic spatial and forestry that occurred in the province of Riau in Indonesia is a reflection of the overall . If the ibaratkan in the realm of research methodology, Riau Province is the main sample is able to delegate the entire population in Indonesia. Sad indeed, but it's been so many tears being shed, has poured so many resources, people resigned at the end of anger.
According to the network of Forest Rescue Riau (JIKALAHARI) , the process of deforestation and degradation of natural forests in Riau Province takes place very quickly. A period of 24 years (1982-2005), Riau Province already lost natural forest cover an area of 3.7 million hectares, with an average rate of loss of as much as 160 thousand hectares/year. Even the research results from the Aid Environment predict forest in Riau will be exhausted by the year 2032 . The losses reversed those figures are certainly enormous, more so if it is associated with the disconnection of the various interactions in forest ecosystems.
So why is this happening? Where is our role? In the present context, the degradation that occurs no longer viewed the site, protected areas of the country did not escape from "looting". The author would like to initiate this answer by quoting the opinion of Kartodihardjo (2010) stating that the root causes of the problem of the destruction of forests in Indonesia is the uncertainty of the status of the forest area and forest managers in the weak level of tread/field .
The diversity of species in the forest turned out to be directly proportional to the diversity in management. The natural dimension of human dimension, with intertwined into complexity and dynamics management triggers. The uncertainty of the status of not referring to the status of district administration, but rather to the not yet optimal efforts "discernment" to the status itself.
Common, we tend to make an effort "comparable treatment", "prevention". Efforts "discernment" is thus done after the onset of degradation and inflicting casualties. As a result is too many resources that we have to spend effort "treatment".
Weak governance can be seen from the dynamics of actors involved, the dynamics of the individual bringing the consequences to the dynamics of the institution. In the context of forest governance, let us return musing on what was said by Peluso (2006) , "the ways and the reasons of occurrence of forest degradation, deforestation, depletion and gradually depend on how various interests which are not in line negotiated and disclosed. Form of disclosure claim for forests is dependent on a variety of political constraints and sosiokultural. Thus, the process requires analysis not only politik-ekonomi in the context of international relations, national, regional and local but also from the perspective of the co-star that is below or above ".
When we talk about the authority of the central policy areas, we cannot be detached from the autonomous regional hegemony or decentralization. The main reason behind the decentralization if seen from the aspect of governance is the existence of good intentions to carry out governmental fields closer to society, in everything. But in fact, decentralization has provided the realized space negotiations, some experts even termed the formation of "little Kings" in the area. In the context of Riau Province, there have been many officials of this area are languishing in bars because of the "forest".
Then, in the case of individuals the acting, whether all of them minded individuals "little Kings" like their friends who have been there in the bars? Not necessarily also, surely there is still capable of running the mandate with the sincere and single-minded solely in the interest of the people.
The author's experience interacting with various related parties of forestry in the province of Riau indicates that their mandate be minorities, thus hard pressed, and almost eroded. This is the province where the cheerleaders are more appreciated than the bertungkus lumus, when sincerity and purity of intention were interfered a conflict of interest for the sake of personal enjoyment.
They are desperate and almost lose sometimes surrendered against existing conditions, in accordance with the term bureaucrat trapped (trapped in the administrators) who presented by Fox and Staw in Kartodihardjo (2010), i.e. those who agree with improvements to the policy but join the hinder policy changes when facing the negative consequences for themselves, they seem to have no other choice, except to run his costume budget without regard to maximise effectiveness its benefits, because it is more "profitable" for him. Due to the terms of this policy, forestry in General contains the administrative bureaucracy and procedures rather than solutions to real problems in the field.
In the context of the relationship of regional centres, communication is not effective to cause the fact of "humanitarian" officials sets into each of the resulting policy. Feeling underappreciated, unbalanced his rights and obligations, and other fears have become a very strong external boosters.
Tepatlah used the parable of the writer, which is "leaning against the wall collapsed", where when the parties are expected to make changes for the good of doing precisely the opposite, even worsening.
What kind of solutions for the improvement of forest governance in future? Let's go back contemplating the task and function of each of us, in accordance with the mandate and recesses, both as workers in institutions, human consciousness as a whole. Various regulation already conceived with good intentions, the community as the main actors have started to have a place in it. Live how we are able to maintain purity and sincere intentions to do their best for the sake of sustainability of our forests. If consciousness is already embedded permanently in the US, of course we do not need to implement the suggestions of KH. Mustofa Bisri (Gus Mus) that in one of his lecture ever delivered that, "if Indonesia wants to change, each of the head must be removed, and replaced with a new head." Let's do it for a better Indonesia. Salam lestari.
Read also Acted Against the destruction of the forest: notes for Young Intellectuals
 the rescue network of the forest. 2016. 14 years Against the monopoly of the ruler of the forest and land: records of Black Forest Governance and land in Riau since 2002 up to 2016. Pekanbaru.
 Kartodihardjo, h. 2010. Reserved Tenurial, KPH and "The Trapped Administrators." News Tenure.
 Peluso, Nancy Lee. 2006. The forest is rich People Destitute: Mastery Resources and resistance in Java. Insist Press. Yogyakarta.