Charm of Blue Flame and Natural Resources Potential of Mount Ijen in Indonesia

Charm of Blue Flame and Natural Resources Potential of Mount Ijen in Indonesia

Looking at nature with understanding is much more pleasing than just looking at its beauty  (Albert Heim, 1878)

Indonesia is a country with the largest number of active volcanoes that is 127 active volcanoes. However, only 69 volcanoes are monitored by seismic devices which constitute the minimum standard of volcano monitoring devices [1] . >>> 

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Lightyear One: Commercial Electric Car Powered By Solar Cells

The era of the electric car soon will take place around the world. Various technologies to support the performance of electric cars are effectively and efficiently continue to be developed. Electric cars are very closely related to the energy storage device. There are two energy storage technologies commonly used, namely batteries that store electric energy and fuel cell that stores energy in the form of hydrogen gas. Battery Electric Vehicle (BEV) or battery-powered electric car capable of producing electricity directly from the electrochemical reaction. Lithium ion batteries is still a popular choice as a source of electricity for the BEV, though metal-air batteries start to get into the market as a replacement for lithium ion batteries in BEV. >>> 

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Hywind Scotland: Floating Wind power plant, the first in the world

The potential of renewable energy in some countries started to be utilized optimally. China, USA and India is the country's most cutting-edge in utilizing renewable energy sources such as solar energy, wind, and water. In addition to these three countries, European countries such as the United Kingdom (the UK includes four countries namely United Kingdom, Scotland, Wales, and Northern Ireland), Germany and the Netherlands took part in a race to increase the use of renewable energy as an energy source electricity. In the report "Wind Energy in Europe: Outlook to 2020", European countries are planning to build a wind power plant on land (onshore) and offshore (offshore). The total installed power generation capacity of wind power in Germany until the year 2017 is 2.9 Gigawatt (GW) consisting of 2.3 GW GW 0.6 on land and offshore. The UK ranks second with a total installed capacity of 1.7 GW consisting of 1.2 GW on land and 0.5 GW of offshore [1]. >>> 

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Sidrap Wind power plant, the first in Indonesia's commercial

The potential of renewable energy sources in Indonesia is very abundant. Starting from wind energy, solar, ocean waves to biomass (see what's with the biomass? The potential Starting Tergali). By the end of 2019, the Government of Indonesia has been targeting to build additional power plants amounting to 35,000 megawatts (MW). It is based on the still low level of electrification ratio in Indonesia compared to neighboring countries such as Singapore, Malaysia and Brunei. In 2010, the electrification ratio of Indonesia only are at numbers 67.15% and in 2015 rose to 88.30%. Electrification ratio of expected Government at the end of the year 2019 was 97.35%. To achieve this, the Government of Indonesia will give a portion to the MW 25,904 private and 10,681 MW to PLN [1]. Based on the General Plan of national Ketenagalistrikan (RKUN) 2015-2034, the source of energy used for electricity generation is divided into 4 categories, coal (50%), a new renewable energy (25%), oil (1%) and gas (24%) [1]. Coal is still the main source of national electricity needs. However, the Government is attempting to increase the construction of power plants from new renewable sources of energy (EBT). The advantage of EBT is pollution-free and ketersediannya are very abundant in Indonesia. >>> 

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India and Germany will be producing an electric-powered Train solar cells and hydrogen Gas

The use of fossil fuels is a major producer of CO2 gas emissions. Fossil fuels are generally used on transportation by land, sea or air. In 2010, the transport sector accounted for CO2 gas emissions amounted to 5.53 million tonnes [1]. Countries around the world began to seek solutions to reduce the use of fossil fuels. In the marine transportation sector, China has been producing electric cargo ship and the USA have made electric speedboat. Solar Impulse 2 is a product prototype air transportation from Switzerland who have made the flight from Abu Dhabi to San Francisco. In the land transport sector, a market master Tesla electric car with a lithium-ion battery technology. However, there is one mass transportation on land untouched renewable energy i.e. train. Conventional railway still uses diesel fuel that generates CO2 gas emissions and noise from the engine. >>> 

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