Coconut crab-Capitan stronger Munich Canines Lion

Coconut crab with latin name Bingus latro, is the largest terrestrial arthropod in the world. Like all other Dekapoda, Coconut […]

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Coconut crab with latin name Bingus latro, is the largest terrestrial arthropod in the world. Like all other Dekapoda, Coconut Crab's body is divided into the front (head-chest or sefalotoraks) with 10 legs, and abdomen (stomach). The leading pair of legs has large claws to open coconuts, and these claws (Chelae) can lift objects up to 30 kg. Two pairs of legs, as in the other hermit crab, is the distance running great and strong that allow the coconut Crab climbs trees (often coconut) vertically up to 6 m tall.

Although called a crab, this animal is not a crab/crabs. The coconut crab is a type of hermit crab are very advanced in terms of evolution. Crab and hermit crab have differences in some ways like classification, behavior and others.

Coconut crabs lay eggs and incubate their eggs in the Ocean region rich in such planton in the Western Pacific and the Indian Ocean. These crabs will eventually return to the Mainland and live their lives very long about 50 or 100 years.

Then how about the origin of the name of the Coconut crab itself?

Before that, we certainly have to know the origin of the name of the Coconut Crab itself. The name was taken because these Crabs are able to peel or even destroy a coconut. Imagine how powerful animals that are included in the genus Birgus.

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Photos: 2013 LUCA TRINGALI/CALPHOTOS

A large coconut crab has the power mencapit the equivalent of a Lion bites, imagine what it can do the same size coconut Crab with a small enclosure with the strength of its powerful claws of a cat?

Several tests were conducted to measure the power of mencapitnya, so do Shinciro Oka originating from Okinawa Churasima Foundation in Motobu, Japan. This measurement takes quite a long time because this is the crab very shy animals, these crabs do not attack humans if not feel disturbed. But a quarrel that occurred on 29 wild crabs while measurements make the researchers exposed to attack from this animal. Hand Shinciro Oka (Researcher) exposed capitan twice, though only a few minutes away he feels very lucky no pain, fractures occur to her.

Capitan strongest from the measurements researchers reached approximately 1,765 Newton, it's more painful than our toes crushed by a fully stocked refrigerator. As a comparison, the strength of the canine bites a lion has the power and strength of the 1,315 Newton dental gerahamnya reach 2,024 Newton. Not only that, the coconut Crab capitan strength increases with body size (the larger the body increasingly greater power owned the Coconut Crab). Roughly it can be used by humans as a what?

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Measurements are carried out by the Foundation of Okinawa Churasima. (S.-I. OKA, et al/PLOS ONE 2016)

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